The new 432 HO Loop provides easy SSB,CW and now ATV communications out to 200 miles or more. HO Loops produce an omnidirectional, HORIZONTALLY polarized signal ideal for mobile and base operations. Horizontal polarity permits the HO loop to pick up 5 dB from ground gain that verticals don"t get. As with most horizontally polarized antennas, performance improves dramatically with height above ground. By stacking two HO Loops, another big gain jump occurs (from compressed pattern and reduction of high angle lobes). For terrestrial use, the HO Loop does not need a ground plane, so mounting options are simplified. Mounting over a car roof at 6 to 10 inches produces 2.5 dBd gain dome shaped pattern upward for LEO satellite operation while still maintaining modest terrestrial performance.